STANLEY WILLIAM HAYTER (1901-1988), MASTER IN THE MODERN ART OF ENGRAVING
An artist, an Artwork
Stanley William Hayter was born in 1901 in London. He learned the art of engraving with the polish artist Joseph Hecht and became friend with Alexander Calder.
In 1926, Hayter run the Atelier 17, a meeting and teaching place for avant-garde European artists included Calder, Chagall, Dali, Ersnt, Giacometti, Kandinsky, Le Corbusier, Picasso or Maria Helena Vieira da Silva.
He spent the war years in New-York where he extended Atelier 19. He taught engraving to many avant-garde American artists such as Jackson Pollock. Then he began to publish theoretical essays, « Line and Space of the Imagination » in 1944 and « The convention of Line » in 1945, and became soon a important actor in the emergence of Abstract Expressionism. In the meantime, his personal exhibition « Hayter and Studio 17 » established his reputation in the USA.
In 1965, he returned to France and a radical break occurred in his art. Hayter’s fascination for waves and current reprinted an extension of his earlier interest in « The convention of line ». He created series of paintings from the late 1960s and early 1970s know as « Ondulations ».
The late paintings of 1970s represent a synthesis of his life’s interests. His art must be seen as a conjunction with the forces of nature. He did not want to create illusion but realities.
This engraving entitled Water-lilies that Gallery Angle is pleased to present is an example of his unique technique made of three plates to obtain several colors in the same time.
As he said, he sought « to find a succession of completely irrational consequences in a an attempt to approach reality ».
1 Abstract of « Convention of Line », Magazine of Art, Numéro 3, March 1945
In the year 2016, the Malmaison Art center in Cannes paid a vibrant tribute to Hayter’s crucial role in modern engraving techniques.